Gaylardia: growing from seeds when to plant
Gaylardia is an annual and perennial plant from the aster family. The flower is unpretentious in leaving, easily tolerates droughts and winter. Because of this, it is very popular among gardeners. The plant is used to decorate flower beds and personal plots.
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Gailardia can be grown in seedlings. How to do this is described in this article.
How to determine the time of sowing gaylardii?
The term for planting seeds depends on the growing season of the plant itself and the climate of the region. Gailardia develops relatively quickly, so you can plant flowers for seedlings in spring from March to early April (depending on your place of residence).
The specific day of sowing is determined in accordance with the lunar calendar for the month you choose.
How to prepare planting material for sowing
To improve seed germination performance, planting material needs to be preliminarily prepared. Preparation includes disinfection and growth promotion. But, in fact, all this can be done with one procedure, soaking.
Prepare a solution of hydrogen peroxide (a teaspoon of the drug in a glass of water). Transfer seeds to gauze or a regular rag. Moisten a cloth with a solution and cover with a second half. Drain excess fluid. Further, the entire structure is placed in a plastic container with a lid and placed under a table near the battery.
Every 6 hours, check the humidity of the rag and, if necessary, moisten it additionally.
After a day, remove the grains, rinse them in water and dry.
When to sow gaillardia for seedlings in 2020 according to the lunar calendar?
It is customary to plant plants on the growing moon. These days are considered the most favorable for agricultural work.
But in the full moon and new moon, it is worth refusing to sow.
The days of the waning moon are considered neutral: you can sow, but the seedlings grow a little slower.
Favorable days for sowing gailardia in 2020, depending on the month
In accordance with the lunar calendar 2020, the most successful days for sowing gailardia for seedlings are:
- January 1-9, January 26-31;
- February 1-8, February 24-29;
- March 1-8, March 25-31;
- April 1-7, April 24-30;
- May 1-6, May 23-31.
- January 10, 25;
- February 9, 23;
- March 9, 24;
- April 8, 23;
- May 7, 22.
When to plant depending on the region?
The climate of the region is the most important factor that must be taken into account when sowing Gaillardia grains.
- In the southern regions of Russia (Crimea, Caucasus, Kuban, Astrakhan and Rostov regions) sowing can be done in the first March decade.
- In Central Russia (Smolensk, Moscow and Tver regions, Chernozemye) seedlings are engaged in the second half of March.
- In the Volga region The sowing period is in the last decade of March.
- In the Northwest (Pskov, Novgorod, St. Petersburg), in the Urals, the Far East and Siberia, the landing of the gailardia should be planned for the first days of April.
Gailardia planting seeds step by step
- Choose a suitable container (plastic containers, boxes, pots, cups) and make drainage holes in the bottom.
- Lay fine-grained expanded clay for drainage at the bottom.
- Fill the ground and moisten it.
- Spread the seeds at a distance of 2-3 cm from each other.
- Slightly deepen the seeds into the soil. You do not need to fill in the grain.
- Cover with a lid or plastic bag and place under the battery.
- Ventilate and moisten the plantings regularly.
How to care for gaillardia seedlings, what tricks?
After the first shoots appear, seedlings need to provide the necessary conditions for further growth and development.
Gailardia seeds sprouted, what to do next?
After 2 weeks, shoots will appear. Tanks are rearranged to a cooler place until all grains are hatching. Usually it is 3-4 days.
Daylight hours for seedlings of these flowers should not be less than 12 hours. If necessary, use additional lighting.
Gailardia should be watered regularly, but overflows should not be allowed. The soil should dry out, and only then can it be moistened again.
ON A NOTE. For the uniform development of seedlings, it is recommended to turn the boxes from time to time.
How to feed gaillardia seedlings
For feeding flowers, use Agricola, Gumi or complex fertilizer for flower seedlings. All of these drugs can be bought at the store. If you prefer folk remedies, then insist on solutions of banana skins and onion peels.
Too often fertilizer is not necessary. 2 top dressings will be quite enough: the first - after a dive and the second - after another 2 weeks.
Gailardia Dive Rules
When the seedlings have 3 real leaves, they need to be planted from a common box, that is, to pick.
Prepare suitable containers for this. For example, cups. Holes should also be made in their bottoms. Then pour the earth there on ¾ volume.
Now remove the seedlings from the drawer. First moisten the soil so that the plants can be easily taken out. Then, using an ice cream stick, carefully dig up the seedlings and, together with a lump of earth, transfer them to new containers.
IMPORTANT! The procedure must be carried out very carefully so as not to damage the root system.
Add earth to the desired level, but so as not to bury the growth point. Now very carefully water the transplanted plants and rearrange them closer to the light.
Is it possible to sow seeds immediately in open ground?
Gailardia can be sown immediately in open ground without growing seedlings. But in this case, seed germination is much lower, and seedlings develop more slowly.
Sowing in open ground is carried out when the soil is sufficiently warmed up. Usually this happens 1-2 weeks before transplanting. That is, approximately in May for the southern and central regions and the end of May - June for colder regions and republics.
The planting process itself is not much different from sowing seeds for seedlings:
- Dig 2-3 cm furrows at a distance of 20-30 cm from each other.
- Sprinkle seeds, moisten the soil and lightly sprinkle with earth.
Now it remains only to weed the beds and wait for seedlings.
ON A NOTE. When planting gaillardia immediately in the open ground, you need to be aware that the plant will bloom only next year. By the way, this is one of the reasons why the flower is grown seedlings.
When to plant seedlings in open ground?
Transplanting seedlings in open ground occurs in May for the southern and central regions and in June for colder regions.
Gailardia is planted in a sunny, well-ventilated area. However, there is no need to plant flowers in a draft. The soil can be preliminarily fertilized with a complex fertilizer containing nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Also, a little sifted river sand can be added to the ground. This will improve the structure of the soil, make it lighter and loose. Seedlings are planted 30 cm from each other so that they have room to grow. Remember to water the planting for better rooting.
After planting, plants for the first time can be covered with branches from trees.
ON A NOTE. When planting seedlings, focus not on the calendar, but on the weather. Outside the window, a temperature of 18-20 degrees should be established.
- Gaylardia is a close relative of chrysanthemum, gerbera and sunflower.
- This flower tolerates droughts well, for which we love many gardeners, because it should be watered less often.
- Gailardia is one of the most common plants in the center of the USA. Because of the color of the petals and the ubiquitous distribution, the flower is called the "wheel of fire."
- This flower is the official symbol of Oklahoma.
Frequently Asked Questions
If you do not have enough experience in growing seedlings, you probably still have some questions. Consider the most common difficulties associated with the cultivation of gaillardia from seeds at home.
What to buy soil for growing seedlings?
Universal soil, soil for flower seedlings, etc. are suitable for gaylardia. This culture does not have special requirements for land. That is, the soil should be neutral, loose and light.
ON A NOTE. The soil structure can be improved by adding river sand in a ratio of 1 to 3.
How can seeds be stimulated for further growth?
In order for the gailardia seeds to germinate faster and less pain in the future, they should be soaked in a growth stimulator before sowing. You can use both folk remedies (a solution of hydrogen peroxide, yeast or an infusion of onion husks), and chemical preparations (Epin, Agricola, Zircon).
Also, when the seeds are soaked, the outer shell is disinfected.
As the seedlings grow, you can feed them all with the same ammonia, peroxide or store-based products.
Why don't seeds germinate?
There are 2 reasons why shoots do not appear:
- Poor planting material.
- Errors in agricultural technology.
In order not to waste time, effort and money, get only “fresh” seed material, and also do not forget to pre-seed preparation of seeds.
Also make sure that the grains are not buried too deep. Very often, gardeners out of habit plant these flowers to a depth of several centimeters. As a result, the sprout simply does not have enough strength to break through the thickness of the earth. Gaillardia does not need to be covered with earth.
Why soak the seeds?
Soaking the grains before planting has quite logical reasons:
- Sorting of seeds.
- Softening the outer hard shell of grain.
- Treatment for diseases and pests.
- Growth stimulation.
It has been experimentally proven more than once that grains that have passed the soaking procedure show better germination.
More useful information about seed soaking can be found in our article “Soaking Seeds in Hydrogen Peroxide Before Planting”.
How to harden gailardia seedlings?
Hardening is a procedure of getting used seedlings of plants to new conditions for themselves. As in the case of the human body, hardening must be carried out gradually. First, boxes with seedlings are taken out for 15-20 minutes. The next day for 1 hour, etc. The task is to gradually increase the presence of seedlings on the street until the seedlings spend the whole day outside the house.
If the procedure did not affect negatively, then the seedlings can be safely transplanted into the garden and the flowerbed.
What to do if gaillardia seedlings do not grow?
If the seedlings of gaillardia do not grow, then the rules of agricultural technology were violated, namely:
- Incorrect temperature;
- Insufficient lighting;
- Irregular or excessively heavy watering;
- Lack of top dressing;
- Not done on time picking seedlings.
All this negatively affects the plants and does not allow them to develop properly.
Gailardia seedlings are no harder to grow than any other seedlings. You just need to follow the simple rules of sowing seeds and caring for seedlings.