When to plant marigolds on seedlings in 2020 according to the lunar calendar
Beautifully flowering plants are also called Chernobrivtsi, Tagetes, belong to the family of aster or Asteraceae. The length of the stem depends on the variety, it can reach 130 cm. It is simple to grow unpretentious plants, they have the ability to repel pests, clean the soil.
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How to determine the time of sowing?
Experienced flower growers are guided by the lunar calendar, the characteristics of the selected variety, the climatic characteristics of the region when planting marigolds. The exact day of seed planting is calculated taking into account the desired flowering time.
Transplantation into open ground is carried out 30, 60 days after the emergence of sprouts - by this day the soil should warm up sufficiently, and the temperature should not drop below 15 degrees at night. It is necessary to take into account the features of the development of some varieties.
There are 53 species of marigolds, divided into 3 groups:
The first, most common, are not demanding on the ground. Flowering begins even with a lack of soil, so they are often grown as a houseplant. The first flowers appear in June, the last ones bloom in September-October, and the peak is in August.
Thin-leaved trees grow on roadsides, easily transferring dusty air, exhaust gases, and poor, hard soil. They are not demanding in care, so they are often found on city beds, open balconies. Thin-leaved marigolds bloom from June until the first frost. A temperature below +10 stops the growth, development of the plant.
Upright Chernobrivtsi grow to 110 cm. Most often, varieties are grown for cutting, flowers in a vase are long. Flowering is long, stretched - from July to October, marigolds will delight the eye.
How to prepare planting material for sowing
Proper collection, storage increases seed germination. The preparatory stage is simple, it is enough to disinfect the planting material by placing it in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. A couple of hours before sowing, the seeds should be soaked in warm water to improve germination.
When to sow marigolds on seedlings in 2020 according to the lunar calendar?
The phases of the celestial body positively, negatively affect the strength of plants, the growth rate, development, therefore, experienced flower growers necessarily calculate favorable, unfavorable days for planting seeds, diving, pruning, transplanting and other actions. Marigolds planted in the full moon and new moon grow poorly.
Favorable days for sowing marigolds in 2020, depending on the month
Monthly numbers good for landing change, so you need to check the phases of the celestial body more often to achieve the best result. Favorable days of planting flowering plants in 2020 are:
- May - 3-6, 25-26, 30.
- April - 1-2, 6-7, 28, 29.
- March - 2-3, 27-28, 30, 31.
- February - 2-3, 6-7, 24, 25.
- January - 1, 5-6, 8-9, 23-24, 28, 29.
ATTENTION. Violation of the timing of sowing seeds provokes a rapid increase in the incidence among marigolds.
The new moon, the full moon are the most unfavorable days on which any landing work should be avoided. Planting, diving, sprouting these days will make seedlings weak, it will often hurt, slowly develop, turn yellow. Adverse days:
- May - 7, 22.
- April - 8, 21-23.
- March - 7-9, 24-26.
- February - 9-10, 22-23.
- January - 10, 25-27.
When to plant depending on the region?
Standard weather conditions and climatic features of the region must be taken into account when breeding heat-loving plants. Transplant seedlings in open ground should be after warming the air, earth, minimizing the return of frost.
Recommended minimum temperature at night is +7 degrees. Forecasts should be monitored daily to avoid surprises. Cultivation by region:
- Moscow, the region surrounding the city, the middle lane of the Russian Federation. It is recommended to sow in the second decade of March, replant in open ground - the first days of May. Mandatory requirement - 45 days from the appearance of the first sprouts. To get May flowers, seeds should begin to germinate in early February.
- Siberia, the Urals, the Leningrad region, the Far Eastern region. Frequent night frosts significantly shift the sowing calendar. Planting seeds is recommended in the last days of March.
- Southern regions. Seeds are sown in open ground in the second half of March until the end of April. More precisely determine the time of sowing work will help the lunar calendar, weather conditions.
According to the phases of the moon, the dates of planting seeds by region are:
- Siberia - April 6-17.
- Ural - April 6-17.
- Leningrad region - March 19, 20, 23, 28, April 6-17.
- Far East - April 6-17.
- Altai region - March 14-20, March 23, April 28, April 6-12.
- South of Russia - March 7-8, 12-16, February 28, March 1-2, 8, 12, 14-20, 23, 28.
- Ukraine - March 12, 14-20, 23, 28, April 6-17.
- The middle strip of Russia is March 12, 14-20, 23, 28, April 6-17.
REFERENCE. If weather conditions impede the timely planting of tagetes seeds, and flowering is needed earlier, it is recommended to create additional conditions by covering the crops with film, agrofibre, and other dense material.
Planting marigold seeds in steps
Step-by-step process of planting seed:
- Soil preparation, disinfection, fertilizer.
- Half full capacity.
- Rash of seeds on a white sheet of paper.
- Making holes with a depth of 1 cm with a pencil, a stick with a step of 3-4 cm.
- Throwing 1 seed per well (in a glass, peat tablets 2 each).
- Falling asleep, slight pressure.
- Humidification with warm water from a spray bottle.
- Covering with a film, placing in a warm place.
- Daily airing of crops, for 10-20 minutes moving the film back.
How to care for marigold seedlings, what tricks?
Chernobrivtsi are susceptible to the disease of the black leg, which develops with an excess of moisture, therefore, when caring for the tagetes, overmoistening of the soil should be avoided. Rainy weather - a signal to stop watering to avoid waterlogging of the soil. Loosening the upper layer of the earth should be increased to free oxygen access to the root system.
It is forbidden to introduce nitrogen-containing fertilizers that provoke increased growth of green mass, shoots, reducing the number of flowers and making them smaller. Overgrown bushes of tagetes should be cut. A small number of pests will remove a weekly shower, a large number of insecticides.
Marigold seeds have sprouted, what to do next?
Seeds after 4-7 days will delight the first seedlings. The appearance of sprouts is a signal for removing the film and moving the tanks to a brighter place. Marigold seedlings unpretentious, easily tolerates a lack of moisture.
It is better to water with settled water at room temperature as the soil dries. Recommended temperature during the day above +18, at night up to +15 degrees. Some varieties can withstand up to +12 degrees - the data should be indicated on the package.
How to feed marigold seedlings
It is recommended to feed the germs lagging in development:
Fertilizer should be applied no earlier than 15 days after the appearance of the first sprouts. Regular top dressing will help accelerate the development of seedlings. The frequency of the operation is 14 days. After any manipulations with the tagetes (diving, transplanting), soil fertilizer should be abandoned for 2 weeks.
How to Dive Marigolds
Plant transplantation begins when 2 full leaves appeared. Disinfect new containers thoroughly, pour a third of the earth to the bottom. With a teaspoon or a special spatula, gently pry off the plant, avoiding grazing of neighboring roots. Be sure to remove with basal earth. Place the seedlings in a new container, deepening to the base of the leaves, but they should not be in contact with the soil.
You can dive seedlings in the seedling box even at the flowering stage. A prerequisite is the preservation of a basal coma. Land should be similar to the previous one. In each well add a tablespoon of mineral fertilizers and half a glass of wood ash evenly distributed for every 5 liters of soil.
REFERENCE. It is recommended to shorten the long root system.
Is it possible to sow seeds immediately in open ground?
In the southern regions of Russia, seeds are planted directly in the soil after normalization of temperature. In other areas, this cannot be done, since cold soil and air are harmful to a thermophilic plant. Hardening seedlings should be 2 weeks before transplanting, taking to the street for 5-15 minutes at temperatures above +15.
When to plant seedlings in open ground?
Marigolds from frosts can die, so the transplant is carried out after normalization of temperature. It is recommended to carefully monitor weather forecasts, in order to avoid freezing of marigolds, which will lead to death. Residents of the southern regions begin to plant seedlings in mid-May, northern - the end of June
Some interesting facts:
- They grow better in open areas.
- It is recommended to avoid shady, wetlands - they reduce the number of colors.
- Perfectly tolerate transplant.
- Grow with a small amount of soil.
- In open ground they plant 1-2 cm deeper.
- Named flowers in honor of the god Tages, the forecaster.
Frequently Asked Questions
Experienced gardeners are happy to help lovers. The most frequently asked questions with clear answers are listed below.
What to buy soil for growing seedlings?
The soil mixture for decorative flowering crops is sold in stores, but you can make it yourself. the mandatory procedure for preparing the soil is disinfection. For these purposes, the soil mixture is shed with boiling water, a solution of manganese to eliminate weed seeds.
For independent soil preparation you will need:
- humus 1 part;
- peat mixture 2 parts;
- coarse sand 1 part.
REFERENCE. It is recommended to treat any mixture with phyto-drugs to eliminate infections - fungicides. Diluted according to the manufacturer's instructions.
How can seeds be stimulated for further growth?
Mandatory seed disinfection procedure - placement in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. A two-hour soaking of the seed in warm water will significantly increase the germination of marigolds.
Seed growth can be stimulated by germination. For the procedure, the natural fabric is moistened with warm water. Seeds are wrapped in a flap, placed on a platter, wrapped in cellophane, transferred to a warm, dark place. After 3 days, the germinated seed is selected, the rest is thrown away.
Why don't seeds germinate?
Poor planting material is the main problem of germination. The lack of sprouts can be caused by poor-quality soil. If the containers are not covered with a film, then seedlings can appear after 3 weeks, the same effect should be expected if the temperature regime is not observed.
Why soak the seeds?
Seed is placed in warm water to "wake up", increase the percentage of germination. It is important not to overexpose the seeds, otherwise there will be a reverse effect.
How to harden marigold seedlings?
A couple of weeks before the alleged landing in the open ground, the grown sprouts are taken out into the street. The first two sessions for 5 minutes, then the time can be gradually increased. A prerequisite is a temperature above +15 degrees.
What to do if marigold seedlings do not grow?
Fertilizing the development of tagetes will be facilitated by top dressing with Agricole, Fertica, and Mortar. An important condition for the full growth of seedlings is temperature and humidity. Non-compliance with the conditions leads to a halt in development.
Marigolds - unpretentious beautiful flowering plant that will decorate any yard, flowerbed, balcony. Growing seedlings is not difficult, but it is important to follow some rules to get a guaranteed result. Favorable days for planting are determined by the lunar calendar, weather conditions and other parameters.