Successful violet transplant: we achieve year-round flowering
Senpolia or Uzambara violet belongs to the Gesneriev family. A houseplant has a compact rosette of pubescent rounded leaves, classified by the shape and color of the petals.
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- Yandex Zen
How to determine if a flower needs a transplant
Violet needs an annual transplant. If you neglect the rule, it will cease to bloom, the leaves will stretch and chop.
In appearance, determine the urgency of the transplant:
- leaf blades changed color from green to brown;
- the trunk stretched out and bare;
- compacted soil in the pot;
- a white coating appeared on the surface of the soil;
- the roots are completely braided by an earthen lump.
Senpolias quickly grow roots and carry nutrients out of the soil. No need to wait for the outlet to lose its appearance, and the leaves will stretch out - make planned transplants.
When to transplant
Transplants are planned for a favorable period - warm April or May days. It is not recommended to disturb in winter or summer, when there is insufficient sunlight and uncomfortable temperature conditions.
When a flower needs an emergency transplant, they don’t look at the deadlines. A weakened plant is watered, carefully removed from the container, transferred to another flowerpot, sprinkled with fresh soil along the edge, flowers and buds are torn off.
Violet transplant after purchase
Violets purchased at the store grow in a peat mixture, so they are transplanted into nutrient-rich soil enriched with minerals.
Even perennials grown in greenhouse conditions are transplanted, because they were heavily fed with fertilizers.
At home, prepare a soil mixture of horse peat and vermiculite. The composition has sufficient acidity, friability and breathability to provide the bush with comfortable conditions.
The flower is removed from the container, freed from the remnants of the earth. A drainage layer is poured at the bottom of the new container, the plant is placed, after straightening the roots.
Expanded clay, polystyrene foam or coarse-grained sand is used as drainage, the openings on the bottom of the pot are covered with clay shards.
The prepared substrate is carefully poured into the voids between the container and the roots, compacted. Do not plant deep, the leaves should rise slightly above the ground. Placed for several days under polyethylene for survival.
Advice! When the senpolia is acquired by familiar flower growers, do not rush to transplant. Let him adapt to new conditions, braid an earthen ball in a glass.
Is it possible to transplant a blooming violet?
You can not transplant the plant in bloom. Budding indicates comfort, providing nutrients.
The transplant is carried out with acidification of the earth or an attack of pests. When transshipment, they try not to damage the root system, but cut off all the buds and flowers, and process them from pests.
How often do I transplant?
Flowering perennials quickly build up the root system, carry nutrients out of the ground, and small roots creep up or into the drainage holes. The optimal time for transplantation is once every 7 months.
In which pot to transplant?
Root growth occurs from the bottom up, so shallow containers are chosen.
Pots up to 10 cm high and with a diameter of 5 to 9 cm are suitable, for miniature violets 5 cm and 4 cm, respectively.
When planting in a deep and wide flowerpot, the plant will spend energy on braiding its roots with an earthen lump and refusing to bloom.
Choose a plastic or clay pot:
- Plastic. Lightweight material, undemanding to care, a wide selection of colors. Prevents air circulation, so openings on the bottom and sides of the pot are made with a hot nail;
- Glina. Provides air exchange, retains moisture near the roots, the flower is less susceptible to disease and pest attacks. Before use, it needs to be processed, soaked in clean water and cleaned from salt deposits. Such flowerpots are expensive and heavy, they can not be put on glass shelves.
The violet is transplanted if it does not fit in a standard 10 x 9 cm container. The plant is shaken out of the old container in order to be transferred to a new container with large dimensions by transshipment.
In which soil to transplant?
A loose and light substrate is prepared for the senpolia.
They are mixed into 2 parts of leafy land in terms of peat, coniferous and sod land, a handful of river sand and charcoal are added.
Sometimes garden soil is mixed with sand and peat or use purchased soil.
The soil mixture is steamed in the oven or spilled with boiling water to destroy the pest larvae.
A positive effect on the quality of the land is the addition of 14 days before planting the preparation EM-1 or biohumus.
You can also purchase the necessary soil for violets already ready, in a flower shop.
After wetting the prepared substrate, make sure that it remains loose, does not stick to the hands. Try not to contaminate the leaves during transplantation.
- clean from plaque and wash old pots;
- for a growing instance, a container of a slightly larger diameter is selected;
- make holes for drainage;
- pour a drainage layer at 1/5 of the height of the pot;
- Before planting, moisten under the root, but do not fill it too much.
When transplanting an adult violet, some of the roots and large leaf plates are cut off to activate rejuvenation. Cropped leaves are used for varietal propagation.
When transplanting, choose a method:
- transplantation with a complete replacement of the earthen mixture;
- partial replacement of soil;
- using transshipment.
Complete soil replacement
When acidified, they completely change the earth. Violet has already used all the nutrients from the substrate, so it is transplanted into a light soil mixture. During the transplant, the root system is examined, rotten and dried roots are removed, and the sections are sprinkled with crushed activated carbon.
A drainage layer is poured at the bottom of the container, the roots are distributed, the earth is poured. The next morning, you can carefully pour under the root, pour the substrate to the level of the leaves.
More details in the video below:
Partial soil replacement
The procedure is carried out every year for a plant that needs a larger capacity for growth. The violet is watered, removed from the old pot, part of the soil is removed, but an earthen lump is left near the roots. Planted in a larger pot, pour the nutrient mixture, rammed with a teaspoon.
Advice! When a larger pot has not been refused, you will have to prune healthy roots. Do not cut more than 70% of the total number of roots so that the flower does not die.
Transshipment is used for the growth of violets or, if necessary, transplanted during flowering. Take a larger pot, where the drainage layer is poured, and place the plant in a container on top.
They fill the gap between the containers with earth, and ram them. They take out the old container, remove the senpolia with an earthen lump, and move it into the formed depression.
Choose a transplant method for the reason that prompts the transplant. You will need a large tank, drainage, prepared soil mixture and water.
Step-by-step instructions for transplanting violets with a photo
Before transplantation, they buy a new container, prepare a nutrient mixture, stock up on settled water.
Follow transplant rules:
- Pour the violet under the root in an old pot, but do not fill it with dirt;
- Make holes on the bottom and sides of the new container;
- Vermiculite is poured with the first layer. The material allows the roots to grow freely, to form an earthen lump;
- Expanded clay or shards are laid out in the next layer, passing surplus water into the pallet;
- Pour the prepared soil mixture, place the plant on top, straighten the roots;
- Pour the substrate, compact, shake the container;
- The earth should be at the level of the root neck;
- After tamping, shake again to the sides. If the bush sways, they add the soil mixture, ram it with a pencil;
- As a mulch, a 2 cm layer of vermiculite is poured;
- Cover the senpolia with polyethylene, watered the next day.
Favorable days for transplantation on the lunar calendar
Some gardeners plan moon phase transplants:
- In the phase of the growing moon. All young plants are actively moving in growth, but the roots may not have enough time to provide the ground part with nutrients. When transplanting, they monitor the moisture of the soil and make additional fertilizing;
- During the waning moon. The roots begin to grow, but the development of leaves and stems slows down. Such a period is favorable for violets - they almost always take root, master an earthen lump, and are firmly fixed in the container. Watering is minimized, organic fertilizing is introduced;
- On the new moon and full moon refuse transplants. Perennials poorly take root, and eventually die.
Is it possible to do the procedure in winter?
In the cold season do not carry out transplants. For the development of strong sockets and the root system, a 10-hour daylight and a temperature of at least +18 degrees are required.
How to sit up kids
When the children have formed at least two pairs of leaves, they begin to separate them from the leaf blade of the mother flower.
Use 100 ml plastic cups, the soil is prepared from peat, vermiculite and chopped sphagnum.
The leaf with the children is removed from the container, the children, which are fully formed bushes, are separated. Plants are planted in glasses, but not much deepen the growth point. Humidify the substrate, put the container under the lamp. When the bushes take root, begin to transplant in large containers.
After transplanting into a large tank, they provide optimal temperature indicators, substrate humidity, moderate lighting.
- Place the violet in a plastic bag. When condensation occurs, the film is removed for several minutes for ventilation;
- Contain in a warm place with a temperature of 24 ° C;
- Protect from sunlight.
Sparing regimen adhere to at least two weeks. When the plant begins to develop, transfer to the illuminated windowsill, but not under the scorching sun.
How to water after transplantation?
Violet should not be watered immediately after transplantation. The root system is moistened before the process, there is enough water for a day or two. When the soil dries, the container is rearranged in a tray with moist expanded clay.
Advice! It is absolutely impossible to spray the violet. Drops of water on pubescent leaves will cause burns or decay of the outlet. It is best to rinse the leaf blades every week under a stream of warm water to rinse off the dust.
Possible transplant errors
Incorrect transplant will lead to death of the instance.
Causes of errors:
- a large pot with a diameter of more than 9 cm;
- with a deep planting, the roots of the plant rot, and with a high plant, the rosette shakes;
- too dense and nutritious substrate;
- soil from greenhouses and greenhouses infected with larvae of nematodes, viruses and fungi;
- pouring water into the center of the outlet, and not under the root, which causes the death of Saintpaulia.
Young plants are first moved to the greenhouse. In case of loss of turgor leaves, they try to move the pot for a day in two plastic covers, sprinkling water from the spray bottle.
Learn more about violet transplants from the video below:
Violet will please year-round flowering, if you learn to follow the recommendations. With a breathable substrate, frequent transplants, timely watering, it will only be necessary to fertilize during flowering with a weak solution of phosphate fertilizers.