Large-fruited Dutch strawberry variety - “Maxim”
Everyone loves this berry. And if it is not only tasty, but also large, then they say that it has no price. It is these qualities that distinguish the Dutch strawberry variety Gigantella Maxim or Maxim, as we still call it, which is not entirely true. After all, the real name of the variety does not apply to the masculine name. It would be more correct to speak to her - “Gigantella Maximum”.
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But such a change in the name in no way was reflected in the taste and dimensions of the fruits of this plant, which collects more and more adherents of its cultivation.
Description of the variety “Gigantella Maxim”
This variety of strawberries (strawberries) is characterized by average late ripening. Its fruits are juicy, sweet with a subtle strawberry aroma, which gives it a unique taste. It is because of him that many gardeners call the plant strawberries "Maxim".
Important! This variety is loved by gardeners for its frost resistance. However, under very severe weather conditions, the plant requires shelter for the winter.
They are very large, have a height of 35-50 cm, in the second or third year of cultivation they reach a diameter of 60-70 cm. And large corrugated leaves slightly, unlike other varieties of berries, make them lush.
Rhizome “Gigantella” also differs in size, in addition, it is also quite powerful. Therefore this a strawberry variety does not like a thickened planting.
Flowers and berries
Numerous flower stalks of the plant, which on the bush are 20-30 pieces, thick, elastic, during flowering with 6-8 flowers on each, are able to hold berries well and do not allow them to touch the ground.
Strawberry begins to bloom quite early - in May, so it can please its berries at the end of this month or at the beginning of June. It is the speed of formation and ripening of the crop that is one of the main advantages of the plant, which pleases with its fruits for almost two weeks.
The first berries are quite large - about 100-125, with further ripening a little smaller - 40-60 grams.
In cross section there are up to 9-10 mm. Of course, they reach such sizes (a small apple or apricot) with proper cultivation of the crop.
The berries are dark red in color, dense with a rough surface. But their core, if not watered enough, can be hollow, rather dry in taste. But this does not spoil the taste of Maxim.
Interesting! Berries lend themselves well to freezing, without losing their taste. Therefore, many strawberry lovers use just this way of saving them for the winter.
"Gigantella Maxim" refers to high-yielding varieties of strawberries. With proper cultivation agrotechnics and regular watering, 2.5 kg of berries are collected from one bush.
In order for the plant to bear fruit well, experienced gardeners recommend regularly removing shoots and mustaches from the bushes, as well as rid the site of weeds.
Although the bushes of Gigantella can grow in one place up to 7 years, the beds with its plantings every three years should still be updated.
This strawberry is often grown for commercial purposes, as its berries are very dense and tolerate transportation well, without losing their presentation.
As you can see, the Gigantella Maxim strawberry has many advantages in order to pay attention to it and start growing:
- unusually large sizes of fruits that grow on bushes regardless of their age;
- constantly stable yield with proper care;
- long-term preservation of the presentation of the harvested crop, attractive appearance of the berries and the possibility of their transportation without special losses;
- quite pleasant taste;
- the possibility of preservation for the winter by freezing without loss of taste and quality;
- a sufficiently long ripening period.
Of course, with many advantages, this variety cannot be called completely ideal. Among the shortcomings of "Maxim" it should be noted:
- moisture dependence - with insufficient watering, the fruits are poorly tied, and the plant withers, therefore, in the area with this strawberry, it is good to use drop watering;
- exactingness to the choice of a site - poorly tolerates shading (does not mature, and is affected by gray rot in rainy weather), does not accept sunflowers at all, but is very photophilous;
- the pretentiousness of the composition of the soil - the area under it is best given away on rested soil, the place where the green beans were cultivated;
- mandatory update - to obtain a consistently high yield, bushes should be rejuvenated once every three years, if this is not done, then in subsequent years the berries will begin to grow smaller, deform, and the plant itself will hurt.
But that, perhaps, is all. Otherwise, the variety is avant-garde and worthy of attention.
Planting and reproduction
When cultivating this plant, one must never forget how big it grows. therefore when planting strawberries of the variety "Maxim" adhere to density - four plants per square meter.
Particular care should be taken when choosing a site for this strawberry. After all, its proper preparation is the key to the level and duration of its bearing, quality indicators of productivity.
Important! When planting strawberry bushes of this variety, their roots should be cut to 1 cm. This is done in order to ensure the vertical location of the root when planting.
As for the propagation of the variety, it is traditional - seeds, seedlings grown from mustaches, and the separation of the bush.
When propagating by seeds, one should know that strawberries obtained with this method of propagation will bloom only in the third year.
Sow seeds should be in February in shallow containers with drainage, in which a mixture of earth and sand is poured (2: 1).
The seed is not too densely scattered over its surface, which is then moistened with a sprayer. Then this container is covered with film or glass and placed in a bright and warm place.
Seedlings usually appear after 14 days. Further, agricultural technology for growing seedlings is no different from the generally accepted procedure for growing strawberries from seeds.
Everyone knows that almost every adult bush of strawberries lets out a mustache during the growing season. Here they are used for breeding berries. To do this, you should choose a tendril with a strong, well-developed outlet. It is them that are separated from the uterine bush and transplanted to the place where it will already develop as an independent plant.
Therefore, during the fruiting period, note the most fruiting strawberry bushes. And then take them from them. They need to be planted in small pots, from which, after rooting, seedlings can easily be transferred to a permanent place together with an earthen lump.
Of course, with this method of reproduction in the first year, the harvest will be quite modest, but there will be no need to spend money on seedlings.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
You can get planting material when dividing mother plants. However, she is immediately ready for planting.
Plants of 3-4 years of age are suitable for this purpose. The main disadvantage of this method of propagation is the long adaptation period of the seedling.
In order to somehow improve it, you should plant the separated bushes in a nutritious earthen mix consisting of garden soil with humus and sand (2: 2: 1).
It often happens that a new bush begins to bear fruit in the second, or even third year.
In general, the care for Maxim provides the same rules as for the other varieties of this culture. However, since this is a large-fruited variety, there are some differences.
So, the Gigantella strawberry is very fast growing, during which its bushes form a lot of mustache. They must be cut off to prevent a dense landing. If you need layering for propagation, then you can not touch a couple of bushes.
Watering strawberry garden
This variety requires regular watering. It is important that it is sufficient and timely. Only in this case, you can get high-quality berries.
The plant is usually watered 3-4 times a week. To retain moisture, the soil around the bushes is mulched.
Strawberry is especially in need of watering during fruiting. It is good to do this in the morning before sunrise or in the evening, after sunset.
At all the optimal solution for this variety is drip irrigation. In the absence of such, the site is watered in the aisles.
Important! After each watering, it is important to loosen the soil and weed simultaneously.
Strawberry varieties "Maxim", as mentioned above, in the fourth year of cultivation, a transplant is necessary. It is best carried out in the middle of the second summer month, trying to injure the roots of plants as little as possible.
Fertilizer and fertilizing
In order for this strawberry variety to develop well and bear fruit, plants need to be fertilized and fed. So, annually under the bushes it’s nice to bring a bucket of rotted compost. In the spring, the site with Maxim is recommended to be treated with a mixture of Gumi and Fitosporin to disinfect the soil.
It is necessary to feed plants once a week, but at least, using an infusion of organics. To get it to the infusion of weeds, you should add potassium salt, superphosphate, mullein or bird droppings. It is good to use complex fertilizers for garden strawberries for these purposes.
This procedure is usually combined with watering.
Diseases and Pests
Strawberry variety "Gigantella Maxim" is attractive not only for gardeners, but also for all kinds of pests.
So that various insects and fungal diseases do not appear on the site, bushes must be processed on time.
In general, for the season, somewhere around four sprayings are enough to get rid of all this evil. To do this, use a mixture of all the same drugs "Fitosporin" and "Gumi".
However, during the budding period, 5 drops of Fitoverma are also added. Plant treatment is carried out in early May, during the budding of plants, in early August and September.
Learn more about the Maxim strawberry variety from the video below:
As you can see, the strawberry (wild strawberry) "Maxim" is a wonderful option to replenish your berry reserves. Having mastered the cultivation conditions of this reliable and impressive variety, you will certainly achieve an excellent harvest.