Honei Strawberries: An Early and Rich Harvest
A variety of garden strawberries (strawberries) Honey was bred more than thirty years ago. This variety remains attractive to gardeners: large sweet fruits, resistance to pests and diseases, high productivity.
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The variety was obtained in 1979 in the city of Honeoye (New York, USA), by the name of which it got its name. For breeding, strawberry varieties Holiday and Vibrant were taken.
The result of selection is a high-yielding variety of early ripening. Fruiting lasts 2-3 weeks. Planting and caring for the Honei variety is not difficult even for novice gardeners.
Variety Honey: description, features
Every gardener wants the cultivated strawberry variety to be not only unpretentious in maintenance and give good harvests. The taste of the berry, the appearance, its transportability - all this is taken into account when choosing a variety.
Tall (up to 20-30 cm tall), powerful bushes form strawberry varieties Honei. The plant develops a strong root system, which contributes to high yields and wonderful taste characteristics of berries.
Bushes form up to 8 peduncles. Leaves saturated green with uniform color. Stems slightly pubescent.
After a fruiting period, it forms a lot of mustache, which makes it possible to quickly increase the number of plants in the garden.
Flowers and berries
Peduncles are large. One of the first strawberries of this variety blooms - in the middle of May the bed is already strewn with white flowers. If the variety is grown under film shelter, flowering occurs two weeks earlier.
The berries are oblong, red, which can be seen in the photo below. A characteristic feature of the variety is the neck at the base of the berry. The sepals are up.
The pulp is elastic, pink. The taste of berries is saturated, sweet and sour. They have a pronounced strawberry aroma.
The first ripe berries are very large (up to 30-40 grams). At the end of the fruiting season, the berries are smaller, but their taste and aroma become even more pronounced. It is from the last berries that the most delicious jam or jam is obtained.
Important! Peduncles are laid in the second half of summer and autumn. During this period, it is necessary to ensure proper care and top dressing of the plant in order to get a high yield in the next season.
This variety of garden strawberries annually gives stable crops. Productivity from each bush reaches 400-500 grams.
A single-tape planting method increases the yield of Honey.
In farms, yields, subject to growing technology, range from 120 to 150 centners per hectare. On garden plots summer residents collect up to 10 kg. from one square meter.
Wonderful presentation, the possibility of long transportation - qualities that make Honey an strawberry attractive for commodity producers of berries - farmers.
Up to 3 days, the berry retains its original appearance. Transportation does not affect its taste.
Strawberry Honey has stood the test of time. Among gardeners, this variety remains as popular as in the years 70-80.
The merits of the variety can be distinguished several:
- The ability to grow Honey garden strawberries, not only in open ground, but also in greenhouses, under the film;
- Successful adaptation of the variety in chernozem regions and the Non-Chernozem region;
- Resistance to low winter temperatures;
- Resistance to diseases and pests.
Every gardener seeks to find the perfect strawberry variety. Honey has few shortcomings, but they still have:
- Reduced taste and density of the berry under adverse weather conditions (frequent rains, low air temperatures during fruiting);
- Exposure to root diseases - verticillosis, death of a bush as a result of this disease;
- Whimsicality to a lack of moisture and waterlogging.
Planting and reproduction
Strawberries love well-lit and sun-warm places. It is advisable that in winter these places be protected from the north winds. You can’t choose a place for planting in the lowlands, water will stagnate there - garden strawberries do not like this.
The soil for planting is carefully prepared: they dig, fertilize, process from diseases and pests. The soil should be light, loose and nutritious.
For propagation, garden strawberries are most often planted with seeds and / or a mustache. It is possible to apply and dividing the bush.
This method can be called the most time-consuming and painstaking. But gardeners do not always have the opportunity to get a mustache or an adult plant for seedlings.
In addition, under the influence of adverse factors, the mother plant may lose varietal traits. In this case, having acquired a bag of seeds, gardeners grow seedlings from seeds.
To do this, you first need to prepare a box for seedlings (mini-greenhouse) and soil. A mixture is prepared for the soil (2: 1: 1), which includes:
- leaf humus;
- land from the plot;
- river sand.
Sowing seeds produced in February. Two days before planting, the seeds are soaked in melt snow water or a solution of growth regulator.
After this procedure, the seeds will need to be kept for two or three hours in the air - to dry.
When sowing seeds, you only need to sprinkle them with earth and cover with glass or film. The temperature in the room should not exceed 25 degrees.
Before seedlings appear, film or glass must be removed daily for watering and ventilation. It is better to water from the spray, so as not to wash off the seeds and not spill the soil.
After 10-14 days you will see the first shoots. Dive plants twice when the plant gives 2 true leaves and 4-5 leaves.
When the seedlings get stronger, it can be transplanted to a permanent bed.
The Honey variety is easy to breed on its site with the help of a mustache. After fruiting a lot of them appear on the bushes.
You can root outlets near the mother plant. You can cut off the sockets, put them in the planters.
When the new plant has 4-6 leaves, it can be planted on a permanent bed.
Important! For breeding take the first outlet on the mustache. The second and third sockets are weaker, not suitable for seedlings.
The easiest way to propagate garden strawberries. For division, take bushes from two to three year old beds.
When dividing the bush, you need to ensure that each delenka retains a rosette and roots. Most often, an adult bush is divided into 3-4 parts.
In order to get a good harvest, it is necessary to ensure competent and timely care of strawberry: watering, top dressing, cultivation.
All this takes a lot of time, but the result will be tasty and large berries and aromatic jam in the winter.
Honei cultivar is very sensitive to the irrigation regime: drying of the soil should not be allowed and waterlogging should be avoided.
Watering should be regular at the rate of 8-10 liters per square meter. It is better to produce it early in the morning. In hot weather, increase the frequency of watering - once every two to three days.
Drip irrigation gives excellent results when cultivating Honey. To preserve moisture in the soil, gardeners use mulching (straw, coniferous needles).
Transplanting strawberry garden
In one place, garden strawberries should not grow more than 3-4 years. The soil is depleted very quickly, productivity decreases.
In this situation, a transplant will help. You can transplant strawberries after harvesting. Before the onset of cold weather, plants must have time to adapt to a new place, grow stronger.
When transplanting, it is important to observe the distance between the bushes - it should not be less than 30 cm. Between plants. Between the rows in the beds is not less than 60-70 cm.
Important! When transplanting, be careful not to sprinkle the root neck with earth.
Fertilizer and fertilizing
Experienced gardeners recommend feeding at least three times during the summer season.
The first fertilizer application is recommended to be carried out in the spring, when the snow melts and the first new leaves appear.
The second time fertilizers are applied during the formation of the ovaries.
After harvesting, beginner gardeners forget about strawberry beds: they do not water, they do not feed. This is one of the most common mistakes leading to crop loss the following year.
After harvesting, you need to carry out another top dressing. Experienced gardeners recommend feeding strawberries in the fall - the fourth time.
Fertilizers for top dressing can be taken organic (infusion of mullein, chicken manure) and mineral (superphosphate, potassium sulfate).
Among minerals, complex fertilizers with an expanded composition of microelements deserve attention.
Diseases and Pests
The Honei garden strawberry variety is highly immune to leaf diseases.
Rarely are plants affected by gray rot or strawberry mites.
Most often, this variety is susceptible to fungal root disease - verticellosis. The main signs of the disease: the leaves become small, depleted. The plant wilts, turns yellow-red.
The only method of combating the disease is the destruction of infected bushes and transplanting the plant to a new place with tillage and roots of Fundazol.
Learn more about caring for Honey with strawberries from the video below: