Campanula or Bride and Groom: 7 popular varieties
The flower, which received from the people one of the most romantic names - “bride and groom” - is called campanula in botanical directories. This is a frequent guest of home flower gardens, he is loved for lush flowering.
Beautiful white and blue stars, gathered in lush hats, look charming on the windowsills and fill the house with a positive atmosphere.
Popular types and varieties of campanula
Campanula Homeland - Mediterranean Mountainsides. Among 300 species of plants growing in nature, only one species - Campanula equifolia - is cultivated for cultivation at home.
She also served as breeders to develop new varieties that can live on the windowsill.
The Campanula equifolia belongs to the Bellflower family. Its area is the countries of Southern Europe. it perennial plant with thin stems up to 25 cm longthat can creep on the ground and occasionally hang.
The leaves are located on elongated cuttings, painted in light and dark shades of green. The shape may be oval or heart-shaped. Flowers with blue and white petals are collected in lush inflorescences.
As an indoor culture, homemade Campanula is represented by two popular hybrids: Alba with white flowers and Maya with blue.
It was for these species that it received a folk name Campanula: indoor bell “bride and groom”. Other types of plants are also suitable for growing a house.
It is interesting! The flower is considered a symbol of family happiness and fills the house with positive energy.
The plant is represented by several species with similar characteristics. It has large leaves on cuttings with a length of 20 cm, corollas in the shape of a star. In the color of the flower petals, all shades of blue, white and purple are found. The variety is adapted to open ground.
The beauty of this variety can be seen in the photo. Received by crossing Portenschlag and the Carpathians, he surpassed his parents in all aspects of decorativeness. Terry flowers of this variety are similar to small roses, which looks especially delicious in blue. Leaves are attached to shortened cuttings elongated upwards. There are pink and white varieties. Experts believe that This variety is difficult to grow at home..
The Mini variety is a copy of the terry campanula, but with smaller flowers (up to 1.5 cm). The cuttings of the leaves are also shorter than that of the terry "bride." The color of the petals is white, blue, blue and pink.
It differs in short (up to 10 cm) stems, on top of which there is one bell flower. The size of the flower is 2.5–3 cm. As with other species, the Portenschlag is dominated by white and blue tones in the color scheme.
Thanks to the low stems an original hat is formed of leaves and flowersdomed overhanging a pot. Rounded or heart-shaped leaves on the edges have a toothed pattern. The plant is great for outdoor cultivation.
The variety belongs to those plants that have been successfully cultivated for both home and outdoor maintenance. It lives in the Carpathians. Outwardly, it looks like a miniature (up to 30 cm) bush. Leaves are collected in a basal rosette.
The main difference of this species is large (up to 6 cm) flowers. Can bloom with blue, pink, white, purple flowers.
Campanula Napoli was bred for cultivation in garden plots; the variety is suitable for indoor maintenance. It looks like a small bush with erect stems. The plant has heart-shaped, medium-sized leaves, blue flowers with a purple tint.
Campanula home care
For most species of campanula, the conditions of detention are approximately the same in basic parameters.
Light and temperature
The plant needs good lighting, but without direct sunlight. For varieties grown in open field, preferably placed in slightly shaded areas. At home, flower pots are placed on the western and eastern windows.
The optimum temperature for the summer growing season is + 20 ... 22 ° C. In winter, it drops to + 15 ... 16 ° C. For specimens blooming in winter, these figures are the opposite, since dormancy occurs in summer.
Watering, top dressing, pruning
From spring to autumn, watering should be such that the topsoil does not have time to dry out, but the moisture does not stagnate. Water the plant often, but in small portions. Closer to winter, watering intensity is reduced. In winter, make sure that the soil does not dry out.
Complex fertilizers for flowering plants are suitable for feeding campanules. During the growth period, fertilizers are administered 1 time in 10 days. When the flower goes to rest, feeding is continued, but with a frequency of 1 time per month.
The flower needs pruning after flowering, when its stems begin to stretch upwards. Strongly grown shoots are cut so that they do not interfere with the plant to comfortably survive the dormant period.
Campanula preparation for the rest period
After the flowering period has ended, the plant is being prepared for winter. Start with a gradual decrease in temperature, reduce the intensity of irrigation and the frequency of top dressing.
They purify the plant from wilted flowers, cut the stems: up to 10 cm in varieties with long stems and up to 5–7 cm in short-stemmed species.
Campanula propagation methods
All 4 methods are suitable for plant propagation: by seeds, cuttings, division, young shoots.
Dividing the bush
It is best to separate the bush during a flower transplant. Procedures are carried out with an adult, well-developed plant. Taking it out of the pot, disassemble the root system into several parts.
The resulting bushes are planted in new pots, during adaptation they need moderate watering.The first top dressing is carried out 2-3 weeks after transplantation.
Cuttings are obtained by cutting stems from an adult bush. To root the cuttings, you can use a container with water, and planting in the ground. To accelerate, it is recommended to treat the cuttings with a growth stimulator ("Kornevin").
For some time, cuttings actively go to growth, turning into small bushes. For comfortable development, they are transferred to large containers. After making sure that the young plants are strong enough, they are planted in a stationary pot or in a place on the open ground.
Experienced growers believe that weaning of young shoots is the safest way of propagation for the plant and convenient for the host. A new shoot is separated from the adult flower without being removed from the pot, and immediately planted in another container with soil.
An elongated container with soil is prepared for planting seeds. They are planted in rows, without deepening. Sprinkle a little earth on top.
Watering the seeds is not necessary; regular spraying is sufficient. With the appearance of 3-5 leaves, the sprouts need to be pinched and transferred to separate pots.
Campanula diseases and pests
The most common Campanula disease is root rot. A provoking factor is excessive watering of the flower. To save the plant, you need to pull it out of the pot, remove all the damaged roots, replace the soil in it and arrange the watering.
Important! If the leaves of the campanula turned yellow or faded, then she suffers from an excess of light.
With low humidity and lack of watering, pests can settle on the plant. For the destruction of aphids, spider mites, scale insects use special tools. For aphids and insects take insecticides ("Aktara", "Akarin"), the spider mite is destroyed with the help of acaricides ("Fitoverm", "Vertimek", "Aktellik").
A transplant is planned for early spring. It is important to be in time before the flower grows. Act depending on the age of the plant:
- The adult specimen is completely removed from the old pot. The soil is shaken off from the roots, dry and withered branches are cut, transferred to a new container. Fill with new soil, watered.
- With a young plant, they act differently. They take a new pot, insert the old one with the plant into it, fill the empty space between the walls with soil. Then the flower is transshipped from the old container, lowered into the formed recess and the soil is replenished.
Surviving the peaks of popularity, the plant, touchingly referred to as the bride and groom, periodically appears on our windowsills. Providing him with proper care, you will decorate your home flower garden with a magnificent blooming pet.