Volzhanka: planting and care in the open ground, reproduction
Family Pink (Rosaceae)
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• large plants with beautiful double or triple pinnate compound leaves;
• flowers are small, white or yellowish;
• panicle inflorescences, sprawling, large
Arunkus, which means "goat beard", got its name due to the shape of inflorescences. In our people it is more often called Volzhanka. This genus of herbaceous perennial winter-hardy plants of the Rosaceae family has only 2 species.
Most often we can meet Arunkus dioecious (Aruncus dioicus), sometimes called forest (Aruncus sylvester) or ordinary (Aruncus vulgaris). This is a rather large plant (up to 2 m high and about 1 m in diameter) with beautiful feathery openwork leaves on long petioles.
There is also a variety of dioecious aruncus - stunted Aruncus parsley (Aruncus dioicus var. Aethusifolius), 25 cm high. Paniculate fluffy inflorescences up to 60 cm long consist of small flowers, often white, sometimes cream.
In 2005, Allan Armitage from American University of Georgia received a hybrid of Aruncus dioecious and parsley (Aruncus dioicus x A. aethusifolius), and named the variety Mysty Lace. Occupying an intermediate position between the parent species, this compact plant up to 50-55 cm tall resembles an astilbe. It has fern-like double- and thrice-pinnate dark green foliage and dark red stems. The apical and axillary panicles of inflorescences up to 17-18 cm long consist of tiny creamy white flowers. Flowering occurs in late spring.
Arunkus hybrid Misty Lace
Arunkus blooms in early summer for about 4 weeks, by mid-September, beautiful fruits ripen on female specimens. A flowering plant exudes a pleasant sweetish aroma that attracts flies, butterflies and other insects. Thanks to openwork leaves, arunkus is decorative throughout the summer.
In most cases, Arunkus is propagated by dividing the rhizome. In early spring or late autumn, the root is carefully exposed and cut (sometimes chopped) into two or more parts. Delenki should have two buds and several viable roots. Plant a plant at a distance of at least 50 cm from each other. In this case, flowering occurs in the same year (with autumn planting - next summer).
Arunkus seeds are rarely propagated. This method is more troublesome and lengthy. Seeds are planted in open ground in winter or early spring in well-loosened soil. Be sure to shade from direct sunlight. After the appearance of a pair of true leaves, the seedlings dive to a distance of 10-15 cm. Two years later, when the plants grow, they are transplanted to a permanent place. Flowering occurs in the third or fourth year.
Cuttings Arunkus propagated in early summer. The top green cuttings are taken as planting material. They are rooted in nutrient soil during the summer. Rooted plants are transplanted to a permanent place.
Arunkus: planting and care
We select the space and prepare the ground.
If you want to plant a Volzhanka on your site, remember that she loves moist soil and shady terrain. That is why this shrub coexists perfectly near natural pools and in the shade of branchy and lush trees. The land for aruncus should be sufficiently drained and deeply cultivated.
To plant a Volzhanka, we need a hole fifty centimeters long, wide and deep, then it is filled with a mixture of humus or compost in a volume of at least one bucket. From above we need a layer of fertile soil. Plants are planted observing a gap of at least a meter between them.
Perennial care (watering, pruning pruning)
We previously said that this pet does not require special care. Without a change of location, it can exist up to twenty years. The only need is systematic watering. As soon as the flowering is over, you need to remove the upper parts of the stems. In the autumn period, you need to prune the branches, leaving branches about seven centimeters in size. And in winter, despite the frost resistance of the shrub, cover it with humus or spruce branches.
Fertilizer - when and how to fertilize
The introduction of organic fertilizers into the soil has a beneficial effect on the Volzhanka. Complex mineral fertilizing, or compost, must be applied in the fall and in the spring, preferably in May, before flowering.
Volzhanka is easy to care for. There are many advantages to planting this particular plant, for example, the fact that it is resistant to numerous pests, extremely ill.
As in most cases, care should be taken of the Volzhanka regularly. Key rules include constant watering, weed removal, and loose soil. Some believe that peeling, fertilizing with wood chips are good for Volzhanka growth. Thanks to such manipulations, the soil remains wet longer and receives additional nutrients.
After the plant has flowered, it is advisable to cut inflorescences. In such a simple way, the Volzhanka will look attractive until late autumn. If you do not carry out care and leave the inflorescences, leaves and shoots of Volzhanka, most likely, will become significantly smaller.
After fall plant leaves it is important to prune. Stumps up to 10 cm in size should remain on the shrub. It is very convenient that the Volzhanka should not be covered in the winter. The exception is small bushes that were planted in the fall and, therefore, did not manage to get strong enough. The best option in this case will be an additional layer of peat.
If the decorative appearance of the plant is important to the owners, then it is worth considering that poor nutrition and dry land negatively affect the appearance of the shrub. It is important to give the plant the required amount of water, and this is usually 4 buckets for adult Volzhanka. An important role is also played by the timely application of organic fertilizers.
Also aruncus it is necessary to periodically rejuvenate. This can be done by separating part of the rhizome and replanting it to a new place. Otherwise, the inflorescences of Volzhanka over time, most likely, are significantly ground, they will become not so extensive.
Volzhanka is excellent for sheltering unsightly corners of the garden, does not require strong care and has been growing for decades.
Arunkus is very moisture-loving, good regular watering is desirable. This is due to the presence of a large leaf mass, to build which care a significant amount of fluid and nutrients. With a long dry period, the plant also needs additional watering, the recommended amount of liquid for each bush is 3 buckets. Watering is done under the root, after the soil under the bush it is advisable to loosen it. A sure sign of lack of moisture are twisted leaves.
Shrub well perceives regular feeding on an organic basis. In early spring and closer to autumn, it is desirable to partially replace the topsoil with a more recent humus or compost. Before the start of the growing season, you can feed with complex mineral preparations; during the period of active flowering, chopped chicken droppings are added to the water for irrigation.
Preparing for the winter
Before the onset of cold weather, a large surface part of the shrub is cut off, leaving only a stump about 5-7 cm high. Despite excellent frost resistance, if severe cold is predicted, hemp needs additional shelter. As it is suitable foliage, peat or humus land. Particularly in need of shelter are young, late-planted and immature plants.
Arunkus may be susceptible to attack by sawfly caterpillars. For prevention, appropriate insecticides should be used. Arrivo, Fitoverm, BI-58 and similar drugs are suitable. The use of insecticides is recommended in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
Aruncus leaves may become yellowish. This means that the plant is in too bright sun. To prevent disease and drying out, it is recommended to transplant it at partial shade.
The lack of watering in the dry period can also negatively affect. The foliage and inflorescences of Arunkus in this case droop, leaf blades lose turgor. The situation is quite easy to fix by simply watering the plant.
Secrets of Success
Arunkus is rather undemanding in leaving, it can be recommended for breeding to those who are extremely limited in time. The main thing is to choose the right landing place. The soil should be moist, although the plant can tolerate short periods of drought. With a prolonged absence of rain, it is necessary to water at the rate of 30-40 liters of water per adult plant. Penumbra or shadow is suitable, however, in the second case, flowering will be less plentiful.
The soil also exerts its influence. Nutritious, rich in organic soil helps the plant to quickly grow green mass. But it should be borne in mind that the root system suffers in this case - in this case, it develops more slowly.
In the spring, nitrogen fertilizer is recommended. During the summer, they are fed 3-4 times with complex organic fertilizer, and after flowering - phosphorus-potash.
At the end of the flowering period, inflorescences are recommended to be pruned - thanks to this, Arunkus will not spend energy on ripening seeds, will begin to develop the root system. In autumn, shoots are also cut off, leaving only hemp 3–5 cm high.
Arunkus does not need weeding. Weed grasses cannot develop in the dense shade cast by the plant. Early flowering bulbous plants are recommended to be planted from cultivated plants near Arunkus. They manage to bloom, while the shoots of Arunkus only gain strength.
In one place, Arunkus is able to grow for about six years. In the sixth year, it is recommended to divide the bush in order to avoid excessive growth and thickening.
We plant a volzhanka
Bush division. In spring or autumn, the bush (not earlier than 5 years after planting, provided that the plant began to bloom not so abundantly) carefully, so as not to damage the small roots, you need to dig and divide into parts using an ax or hacksaw. If the bush is very powerful and you can’t pull it out completely, you can cut the dividers with a sharp shovel right in the old planting pit of the mother plant.
For new planting, dig holes (40 * 40 * 40 centimeters, the distance between adjacent plants is not less than 60 - 100 centimeters), pour a bucket of compost, mix with the top layer of soil, lay up the delenki, water it, and cover it with earth. With regular watering, plants quickly take root and begin to bloom the next year.
Cuttings. For rooting (carried out throughout the summer), green tops are suitable. They are placed in moist soil and slightly shaded.
Seed propagation method. It is used infrequently: in plants grown from seeds, flowering begins at best for 3 years. Freshly picked (usually ripen in September) seeds can be planted in the winter. It is better to plant them not in a permanent place, but in landing tanks. Then the next year it will be possible to thin out or peck the grown seedlings, maintaining a distance of at least 15 centimeters between them, and after another year - send them to a permanent place.
Volzhanka in landscape design
Throughout the growing season, Arunkus does not lose its decorative properties. The main task of Volzhanka is to hide unsightly sections of the landscape, fences, hedges or create a background for other plants.
Arunkus hides an unsightly site.
Planting lupus erythematosus as a background.
Nevertheless, the Volzhanka looks great, both in solo plantings and in group ones, where the culture can appear in the center of the flower arrangement.
Dwarf Volzhanka in a group planting.
Planting Volzhanka for decorating artificial ponds and ponds looks great.
Volzhanka in the group landing of the decor of the reservoir.
Arunkus prefers the shady corners of the garden. That is why shady plants are planted as “companions” in creating floral arrangements:
- hosts are variegated;
- varieties of Japanese spirea.
Tall varieties of Volzhanka go well with undersized astilbe, barberry, cotoneaster.
Below is one of the options for creating a flower bed with the participation of Volzhanka dioecious ordinary.
Arunkus perfectly complements the compositions in the style of "ethno" and "country", combining perfectly with logs, stones and garden elements.
Planting and caring for Volzhanka flowers will not require much work from the gardener. The culture is not demanding on soil, it multiplies easily and grows quickly, goes well with other plants and looks great in solo compositions.
Ornamental shrub up to 2 m high. Leaves are stiff, perennial. The flowers are small white, collected in panicle inflorescences, reaching a length of up to 40 cm. Its foliage is dark green and rough. Flowering begins in early summer and lasts 30 days. Asian Arunkus is highly cold-resistant and suitable for cultivation in the northern regions. There are undersized varieties of this species up to 100 cm high.
There is an attractive variety of "Fountains." A low bush (not more than 0.55 m) is decorated with drooping large panicle inflorescences. Such arunkus prefers to grow in moist shaded places and they are often decorated with artificial and natural ponds. Flowering is observed in June – July.
In nature, such a species can be found on the Aleutian and Kuril Islands, Kamchatka, Sakhalin and Alaska. He prefers to grow among the herbs in meadows near the slopes of the mountains or sea coasts, and he is also found on rocky mounds and rocks.
It is a dioecious perennial plant, the height of which can vary from 0.3 to 1.5 meters. The roots are lignified and thick. Cirrus doubly dissected leaf plates are painted in a dark green shade, they are located in pairs on a long petiole. The length of a lightly branched compact panicle inflorescence is about 0.2 m. Arunkus blooms in July – August. In the last days of September, the seeds ripen completely. This plant has an alpine subspecies, which is stunted (height about 0.3 m).
A feature of this species is more openwork foliage and relatively small sizes of inflorescences (up to 20 cm).
Under natural conditions, it grows in the territory from North America to the Far East. In an adult plant, the height can reach 0.8–1.1 m. Its well-developed strong root system grows 50–80 mm longer each year. The side shoots are actively forming near the bush, and it grows very wide.
Arunkus parsley, or etuzifolius
This compact plant, shaped like a ball, has a height of about 25 centimeters. Branched snow-white inflorescences in height reach about 0.6 meters, in shape they resemble dense palmate stars. The bush blooms in mid-May, while the flowering time is more than 4 weeks. During ripening, the seeds turn pale red, which adorns the bushes just like flowers. Openwork saturated green leaf plates are finely dissected.
As a result of selection, a decorative hybrid "Perfection" was born. In height, it reaches no more than 0.3 m. Carved large sheet plates are painted in a deep green color. Snow-white inflorescences during seed maturation change their color to rich red.