Indoor plant ivy
Ivy (Hedera) - an evergreen liana belonging to the Araliaceae family. The genus consists of 15 species and originates from the subtropics of the Northern Hemisphere. Under natural conditions, the plant lives under the crowns of the trees of the first tier.
Ivy is a creeping shrub with thin flexible shoots, which usually reach a length of 10-15 m. Subsidiary roots are formed on them, the stems cling to the support. Petiole leaves are of two types - on flowering branches they are whole, elongated or ovoid, light green in color, on non-flowering branches - dark, with angular lobes.
Ivy blooms with small greenish-yellow flowers collected in umbrella inflorescences on the tops of shoots. Fruits - round blue-black black berries with a diameter of up to 1 cm.
Ivy: types and varieties
Ivy - evergreen liana with flexible creeping shoots and simple regular dense leaves, divided into 3-5 blades, dark green in color and light veins. It has many cultural forms:
- Hummingbird - a tiny plant with tiny three-lobed leaves decorated with a white pattern;
- "Mona Lisa", "Eve" - the leaves are almost completely covered by yellow stains;
- "Glesier", "Jubilee" have leaves covered with spots;
- "Ivalas" - ivy with wavy leaves;
- "Harold" - the variety has almost round leaves;
- "Erecta" - ivy with erect stems, on which the leaves are arranged in even rows.
Ivy Colchis - a vine with thin stems and large glossy leaves, dense, dark green in color, about 25 cm long, no more than 17 wide. Often they are whole, sometimes divided into three lobes, smell like nutmeg. Some varieties:
- "Dentata Variegata" - oval leaves, with a yellow edge;
- “Sulfur Heart” - light green leaves are slightly bent down, greenish-yellow stripes are located along the veins;
- “Tree-like” - ivy with drooping stems and oval leaves.
Canary Ivy - liana with leaves about 12 cm long and wide - up to 15, dark green in color and light veins. This type of ivy has no air roots, therefore, it requires support or regular pruning. Popular varieties:
- "Gloria de Marengo" has reddish shoots and three-lobed leaves with a whitish pattern along the edge;
- “Striped” - leaves with yellow or light green spots;
- "Brigitte" - leaves in the form of stars, small for this species and very dense;
- “Golden leaf” - leaves are two-tone, with a golden tint.
If you often have to leave and worry about your pets - ivy is exactly the plant that suits you. It does not require much care, it grows quickly and in a city apartment can grow up to 2 m or more. Ivy is one of the plants that cleanse the air.
Temperature and lighting
The best temperature in the summer is 18-20 degrees, and in winter - not lower than 12. At higher temperatures, the plant must be sprayed frequently.
Ivy grows well under bright diffused light, in partial shade and even in the shade. In summer, it needs shading from direct sunlight. Variegated forms require a large amount of light, plants with dark monophonic foliage can grow even in a dull shadow.
Ivy is not afraid of sudden fluctuations in temperature and drafts. In summer, she will feel great outdoors in a shady place.
Humidity and watering
In summer, ivy requires abundant watering, it is necessary that the soil in the pot is constantly in a slightly wet state. In winter, between the irrigations, the substrate should dry well, but not completely dry. The plant is not afraid of short-term overdries, but if they become regular, it can lose some of the leaves.
Ivy needs regular spraying, especially in the summer heat or during a warm winter with heating appliances turned on. It responds very well to a warm shower. The plant can be grown hydroponically.
Fertilizer and fertilizing
During the growing season, complex fertilizers containing high doses of nitrogen and potassium 1-2 times a month.
Soil and transplant
Ivy requires light, loose soils, a regular pot with holes and a good drainage layer. He transfers the transplant easily, but often there is no need to do it. Young specimens are transferred into a pot, the diameter of which is 15-20 cm more than the previous one every 2-3 years. Old plants change the pot when the roots appear from the drainage hole or begin to protrude above the surface of the substrate.
Flowering and pruning
In a pot culture ivy blooms very rarely, its flowering is nothing special, but the berries are quite attractive.
You can grow ivy in the form of a bush, then its shoots are cut short in the spring and constantly limit growth. You can grow it as an ampel plant, then in the spring the lashes are cut off, leaving about 30 cm. Ivy can wrap itself around a support of any shape and quickly master it.
The bare branches are mercilessly cut, leaving up to 10-15 cm, soon the plant will start new shoots. In any case, their tips are regularly nipped for greater decorativeness. It happens that variegated varieties shoot with monophonic foliage. They are cut out and thrown away.
For trimming, use a special device - secateurs. How to choose a quality and suitable for you, read here https://expertvybor.ru/vidy-sekatorov-05/
Keep in mind that ivy clings to its support roots. If he braids another plant, then he will most likely be strangled. Ivy is able to spoil the furniture to which it sticks to the roots.
Ivy is easily rooted in water, sand, perlite or in light soil at a temperature of 20-24 degrees and daily spraying, and it is not necessary to cover it with cellophane. It can multiply by layering or pieces of stems with subordinate roots.
Pests, diseases and possible problems
- Ivy can be affected by aphids, thrips, scale insects, spider mites, and insects. Treat the plant with an insecticide.
- With a lack of light, the new leaves will be small, and in variegated varieties the color fades.
- The tips of the leaves turn brown and dry with insufficient watering or dry air.
- Growth slows with a lack of nutrients.
- The lower leaves fall, otherwise the plant feels good - a natural process.
- In allergy sufferers, bodily contact with ivy can cause skin irritation..