Neomarica (Neomarica) belongs to the family Iris or Kasatic, which is one and the same. The genus consists of 28 species and originates from Central, South America and West Africa.
Neomarika is a very attractive herbaceous perennial with long flat xiphoid leaves 30 to 160 cm long and 5-6 cm wide. They are painted dark green and fan-shaped.
A flower that lives about a day, with a diameter of 5-10 cm, very similar to an iris flower, is located on a long flat peduncle. When the flower fades, a small daughter plant, a baby, appears in its place. Under its severity, the peduncle falls, touches the ground and the daughter outlet is rooted.
Types of neomariki
- Neomarica North - reaches a height of 60-90 cm, flowers - lavender or purple with white, with a pleasant smell.
- Neomarica Slim - a plant up to one meter high. Each peduncle contains up to 10, often 3-4 large flowers with a diameter of up to 10 cm. The flower lasts one day and is painted in cream or golden yellow.
- Neomarika Variegatnaya - abundantly flowering variegated plant.
Care for neomarika
Temperature and lighting - In summer, the plant should be shaded from direct sunlight, and in winter, give maximum lighting. In the spring-summer period, the temperature is about 22-23 degrees. In winter - about 8, otherwise there will be no flowering.
Humidity and watering - Neomarika normally tolerates dry air, but from time to time it is better to spray it. During flowering, in summer and spring, watering should be regular and plentiful. They cut it in winter. Both water and spray the plant with soft water only. You can just add a little citric acid to the water.
Fertilizer and fertilizing - The neomarica reacts poorly to copious fertilization In May and June, she is given fertilizers for orchids twice a month.
Soil and transplant - you need a not very deep pot, good drainage and a ready-made light substrate with the addition of disinfected needles or fern roots. Often, neomarik does not need to be transplanted, as well as when sharing a transplant. It is enough if you will transplant it every 2-3 years. When transplanting, the stems are slightly deepened.
Bloom - Neomarika can bloom at any time, sometimes even twice a year, but most often blooms in spring.
Neomarika is propagated by children, who are planted in separate pots and lightly sprinkled with soil or dividing the bush during transplantation.
Pests, diseases and possible problems
Neomarika is rarely affected by pests and is sick.
- A spider mite may appear, which must be controlled with an insecticide.
- With waterlogging, the stem and roots may rot.
- At high temperatures in winter or lack of light, flowering may not occur.