This South African bulbous plant is called a winter torch or winter rocket because it blooms in winter or early spring. Veltheimia is popularly called the "cylindrical lily." Veltheimia belongs to the family of liliaceae or hyacinths.
The name of this family is given in honor of the archaeologist and botanist Augustus Ferdinand Count von Welt. Veltheimia grows in nature on sea coasts and hills, choosing shady corners.
Veltheimia - an elegant winter beauty could become a frequent guest in our homes. But its long-flowing torches bloom for 2-3 months only at a temperature of 10 to 14 ° C, which is practically impossible in residential premises.
With strict observance of the temperature regime, Veltheimia throws a long peduncle by Christmas, on which narrow-bell-shaped drooping flowers open, forming an apical racemose in the shape of a rocket.
The torch is a pale pink or salmon hue. Outwardly, welthelmiya is similar to kniphofia.
Light green oval leaves with a wavy edge under the peduncle are collected in sockets. Adult specimens with several peduncles look wonderful.
Veltheimia in the 20s of the last century could be seen on the windows of the hostesses quite often. Now she is not deservedly forgotten.
Only 6species includes the genus Veltheymia, the most common: Cape (bluish) and bracts.
Eastern, western and northern window sills of any room, as well as verandas, loggias and balconies are suitable for the cultivation of Veltheimia.
Direct sun scatter. The room is selected ventilated, without drafts.
Usually, in September, new leaves begin to appear in Veltheimia, if the temperature is not higher than 20 ° C. In November, it is gradually reduced to 10 ° C, otherwise there will be no flowering, the peduncle of veltheimia will not be thrown out.
Watering and humidity
From September to February, the Veltheimia has a vegetative period. Watering regimen is required moderate and attentive. Water should not fall on the bulb.
The indicator is the top dried layer of earth.
After the veltheimia survives the beauty of its flowers, the rare watering is continued until the leaves completely dry, this happens around July. The bulb in the pot is moved to a dark place, maintaining humidity.
When the first shoots appear in September, watering starts again.
Humidity is not important for veltheimia.
With the appearance of leaves and before they dry, they feed the plant once a month. Take nitrogen-free fertilizer and dilute half of the recommended dose.
Soil and transplant
Veltheymia transplantation occurs not like most plants in spring, but in autumn with the appearance of fresh shoots every two years. In this case, small formed bulbs are separated from the main bulb and the dead roots are removed. The places of detachments are sprinkled with crushed coal.
The bulb is planted so that a third of it remains above the surface. Pots are needed wide with drainage to a third of its height.
Soddy, greenhouse and deciduous land with sand in equal parts is the composition of an ideal substrate for Veltheymia.
Propagated by transplantation with daughter bulbs. At the beginning they can be planted several in a low wide pot. The best time is September.
Very rarely, veltheimia is propagated by seeds of 5-6 mm, after artificial pollination, and the flower has completely dried. Seeds are placed in a mixture of sand and peat and after 2-3 weeks they expect seedlings. Veltheimia grown from seeds will bloom in 3-4 years.
Diseases and Pests
No color: high temperatures.
Pests: aphids, sooty mushroom.