Budra is a perennial plant of the genus of perennial grasses of the family Yasnotkovye. This plant has a huge number of folk names, the most common are: catnip, catnip, chest grass, consumables, plush, forty-henna. It grows almost everywhere, it can be found in Europe, Japan, China, as well as in North America and Russia.
Budra is an ornamental, perennial plant. It is grown as a houseplant, in open ground and for decorating buildings and premises. The leaves have a rounded shape with serrated edges, up to 2.5 cm in length, have an aroma. The flowers are small, pale blue or lilac, the flowering period is spring, May. Due to the fact that this flower tolerates pruning well, it can be given any shape, which is extremely important when decorating. Burda looks very good with the device, with its help, of lawns, because is a groundcover. The winter period tolerates well, wintering under a layer of snow.
Ivy-shaped budra is a perennial plant with creeping rooted shoots. Toothed leaves. The flowers are purple. Prefers shaded places, unpretentious to the soil. Propagated by shoots.
Variegated budra - a perennial plant reaching a height of 40 cm. It has creeping rhizome and rooting shoots. The stem of the plant is ascending, branched, omitted in some places. Leaves can be bunch-shaped, wide-hearted, town-like. The flowers are violet-blue, up to 20 mm long. The flowering period is from April to July.
Hair Budra is a perennial, densely dipped plant. The leaves are heart-shaped, or rounded, with serrated edges. The stems are ascending, branched, up to one meter long. The flowers are pale lilac, flowering period from May to July. It is a medicinal plant.
Care and reproduction
Budra loves shaded spaces, shadow or partial shade. In the period of active growth, from spring to late autumn, the optimum temperature is considered to be from 18 * C to 20 * C, in winter the temperature will be most comfortable at 5 * C. Humidity prefers moderate, with a lack - it can get sick or be affected by pests. It responds positively to spraying during the period of active growth.
It is grateful to watering, but it is impossible to overmoisten the soil, so as not to provoke a plant disease. At rest, in winter, watering is reduced. Also, during this period, plant nutrition is also reduced. It is carried out once every one and a half two months and with a lower concentration than in the active period. From spring to autumn, flowers are fed twice a month with complex fertilizers for indoor plants.
Budra is propagated by division, which is produced when a plant is transplanted, as well as by cuttings. A transplant is recommended once every two years, as the flower grows. The plant propagates by cuttings in late autumn or summer.
Useful properties and application
Budra is recognized as a medicinal plant in many countries of the world. The aerial part of the flower, grass, contains various amino acids, minerals and other useful substances. In traditional medicine, it is used to treat a huge number of diseases for both internal and external use. Various decoctions, tinctures are made from it, and also used fresh. Budra is used in the treatment of:
- Pneumonia, tonsillitis and tuberculosis;
- Inflammation of the urinary tract;
- With diseases of the liver and thyroid gland;
- For the healing of wounds, ulcers and burns;
- As an anthelmintic.
Also, the plant is used in the manufacture of tonic drinks. Budra is a good honey plant, from which bees make wonderful honey of a light yellow hue.
Budra is a poisonous plant, therefore, when used for medicinal purposes, overdoses should not be allowed. Care must be taken when applying in order to prevent toxic poisoning of the body with subsequent negative symptoms.