Duvalia is a small genus in the Gustaceae family. It consists of 19 plant species that grow in southern and southeast Africa and on the Arabian Peninsula. The flower got its name in honor of Auguste Henri Duvall, a French botanist and doctor.
Features of individual species
Suitable for growing indoors:
- duvalia Pillans;
- duvalia sod (radial);
- Duvalia Corderoa.
Duvalia Pillans is the most common species in indoor culture. It has short, thick, almost cylindrical stems. Star flowers are painted in dark red and brown tones.
Duvalia soddy (radial) is characterized by more ribbed shoots.
Duvalia Corderoa has the largest, pubescent flowers with a diameter of up to 5 centimeters.
Duvalias are stunted plants that naturally grow in the South African desert. In apartments, creating low air humidity and constant temperature changes is difficult. To create optimal conditions it is necessary:
- put a pot of plants on the windowsill, where there is no direct sunlight;
- water very moderately.
When containing duvaly, their features must be taken into account:
- the soil in the pot should be high in sand;
- a small, medium root system requires a low, wide pot;
- if you contain a plant without a dormant period (at a low temperature) - it will not bloom.
Transplant and substrate
Duvallia needs to be transplanted once every two years. A pot is best used clay.
The soil mixture for planting should be water and breathable, with the addition of coarse sand, perlite. You can use a ready-made substrate for succulents by adding a baking powder. When preparing the soil mixture yourself, you must add:
- 1 part of turf or leaf land;
- 2 parts of sand.
Good drainage is needed.
Duvalia loves bright diffused lighting, but do not tolerate direct sunlight.
Duvalians come from the desert, but they tolerate room temperature well in spring and summer. During the period of winter rest, they must be kept at + 10-15 degrees.
Watering and feeding
Duvalia is rarely watered - once a month. In winter and late autumn, semi-dry content is necessary; in December and January, the soil is practically not moistened.
For top dressing during the growth period, fertilizers with a low nitrogen content and a predominance of potassium are used.
Plants blooms twice a year - in summer and autumn.
- by seeds;
- stem cuttings.
Seeds germinate in a mixture of peat and sand. Shoots appear within a month.
With stem cuttings, the flower propagates in early summer. Slices must be pre-dried. Rooting takes place in a mixture of sand and peat.
At home, duvallas are practically not affected by pests. With excessive watering, root rot may occur.
This is a flower for fans of succulents. It can be recommended to beginner gardeners.